The truth about higher education, hunger and homelessness

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To: High school seniors

From: Dr. Sara Goldrick-Rab

Charity: Believe In Students

Sponsor: Joel Cox is donating $100 to Believe In Students in honor of the first 100 shares of Dr. Sara Goldrick-Rab's letter

To high school seniors,

Family matters. Ever since I was little, my grandfather has talked to me about the important role education plays in our family. He went to college on the GI Bill, which helped veterans pay for tuition. Education brought so many amazing blessings to his life, including my grandmother, who probably wouldn’t have married him if he hadn’t gone to college!

Dr. Sara Goldrick-Rab learned about the value of education from her grandfather.

As graduating seniors, you are right to think about more education after high school. You know it can help you secure a decent job and have a more stable life. But if you think of fraternity parties, football games, and fancy dorms when you picture college, you might be in for some surprises. I want you to succeed, so let’s talk a little about what is really happening.

When my grandfather went to college in the 1940s, the government made it financially possible. Even in the 1970s, the government still enticed people to go to college by making it financially feasible. For every dollar of tuition, the government paid about 75 cents.

Now, even though more people want to attend college, the government has changed the deal. It picks up only about 25-50 cents on the dollar, passing the rest on to you and your family.

When my grandfather went to college, housing was affordable, and so was food. It was possible to work a part-time job and make ends meet without too much trouble. But those days are over. Yes, there is financial aid available, but usually it barely covers tuition and maybe fees. You’ve still got to pay for rent, electricity, water, internet, food, transportation, doctors’ bills, and so on!

When I began teaching, like you, I wasn’t fully aware of what those costs were doing to students.

In 2004, I was working at the University of Wisconsin – Madison when I noticed that there was a woman in one of my classes who kept falling asleep. Second-guessing myself as a professor, I bought books on how to become a better teacher in hopes of grabbing her attention.

Nothing worked.

Finally, I asked her to come to see me during my office hours.

Dr. Sara Goldrick-Rab is trying to help make education more affordable for students .

I just looked at her and said, “What is going on? Why are you sleeping in my class?”

She started crying and explained, “I get off work an hour before your class in the morning. I work the graveyard shift every night, stocking shelves at the grocery store. It’s the only job I can get.”

I told her to quit her job and I hired her as my research assistant. She did well, graduated from college and went on to get her masters degree in education. But the problem was far greater than one student’s circumstance.

A few years later, I had an awakening of sorts and decided to further study the financial challenges of college students.

In one study, we simply asked students, “How are you?

A woman, 18 years old and attending a university, responded, “I’m not OK.”

When we asked why, she said, “I haven’t eaten in two days.”

It turns out that hunger and even homelessness are pervasive problems for college students of all genders and all races. It’s not just about people who grew up in poverty. It’s an American problem, as many of the students that are struggling come from middle-class backgrounds. The price of college is just more than they can bear.

It turns out that hunger and even homelessness are pervasive problems for college students of all genders and all races.

Some students show up to class smelling badly because they can’t afford to do laundry. I know a student who slept in her car with her cat. Another student didn’t have a place to live, so she couch-surfed with her nine-year-old child for more than a year.

Dr. Sara Goldrick-Rab is advocating for change for students.

I knew a student who aspired to be a veterinary technician. She worked two jobs while attending school. Her grades tanked and the school told her she was going to lose her financial aid. She dropped out after one semester of school, which she paid for, in part, with loans. Now, she’s walking around with college loans but only a high school degree.

As an educator, I am past the stage of heartbreak. I am fed up. To create change, I run the Hope Center for College, Community and Justice, where we research solutions. I created a nonprofit called Believe in Students, which raises money for emergency situations. One of our programs is called the FAST Fund—we give money to professors so they can help students quickly. My team is trying to teach colleges how to develop stronger emergency aid programs and how to effectively reach out to students. We’re working to change federal policy because federal policy makes it harder for students to get help. Also, I am the chief strategy officer of a new company that has found a way to give students emergency aid quickly through an app, so students don’t drop out of school over $200.

Even with my efforts to change the system, the problems with higher education won’t be fixed quickly. You, as students, need to enter college with your eyes wide open.

First of all, let’s get real: there are more than 4,000 colleges in this country but we only talk about 100 of them. Don’t go and pick an excessively expensive college unless it offers you a ton of financial grants and promises you can have them for all the years you’re in college. Consider your local university or community college—they are legitimate options. You can always transfer to a “brand name” school later, or save money for graduate school.

You need to take into account the fact that financial aid barely covers tuition and fees. Rent, food and transportation are all costly expenses. If you’re going to live in an apartment, you’re going to have to pay for water, gas and electricity. You can join programs offered by utility companies to lower your bills. You might need to also sign up for a program that offers reduced-priced food; it’s called SNAP.

Dr. Sara Goldrick-Rab created a nonprofit to help students with finances.

On your campus, make sure you find an advisor to guide you through your decisions. Find this person right away when you arrive, and visit them every semester. Even if you don’t think you need help, at least check in to make sure you are taking the right classes and are getting all of the help they can offer you. Find out where the food pantry is, and whether there is a program to give you free meal swipes for the cafeteria in case you run out.

In all likelihood, at some point during college, you will fall short on money. If and when that happens, don’t be afraid to contact your college—usually the Dean of Students. They may have backup money in the form of an emergency grant.
Always remember, there is no shame in asking for help. You aren’t alone in needing support—everyone, even rich people, get help every day. You deserve it.

My grandfather is now 92 years old. I talk to him often. He tells me to keep fighting for you and pushing to make sure we eliminate the barriers to education. He says that without you, our country will move backwards. We need you to face down the real price of college, be the warriors we know that you can be, and get those degrees. Then please, go out and change the world.

I believe in you,

Dr. Sara Goldrick-Rab

 

Written with Lauren Brill

About the author:

Dr. Sara Goldrick-Rab is a leader in removing barriers to higher education. She is the founder of the Hope Center for College Community and Justice in Philadelphia and she is a professor of Sociology at Temple University.

About the sponsor and the charity:

Believe In Students is a nonprofit aimed to help students eliminate their financial challenges so that they can focus on learning.

Joel Cox is donating $100 dollars to Believe In Students in honor of the first 100 shares of Dr. Sara Goldrick-Rab’s letter.

The Unsealed will match the donation if we get 100 new Facebook followers and subscribers by 11-17-18

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Nothing like maintaining a positive outlook! When i need to fight off despair i set goals. It is a great way to fight off negative thoughts and feeling!

Very interesting! Opinion at a later date!

Crazy that this still goes on. I fear for my safety almost all the time. Black or brown males are subject to arrest and violent behavior. I just read a article where a former New York cops claims they had to arrest more people of color to get a promotion. This is sick and I'm tired of living in fear. People are going to start fighting back.

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I think me and your grandpa would have been friends. I been a type 1 diabetic since three years old. I would have said the same thing waking up and seeing two nurses. Do I get to choose. I'm pretty sure I've done that before.

I have learned over my Fifty-Eight years of life, and more specifically over the last 10 that FDR's words about fearing only fear itself ring true; to me, they do, anyway. And, at the same time, how the words of the 23rd Psalm comfort me and my abundant faith in G-d allows me to fear only fear, knowing full well that He is always with me. Growing up in a Non-Orthodox, yet Observant Jewish family nicely brings both together and not only makes me feel more protected but commands me to believe so. You see, I have lived a different kind of life, as we all have to some degree, but mine changes daily. Not that I am ANY BETTER than anyone else, in fact, probably less so... I stray from my stories often. I shouldn't, but since my Stroke in 2012, I have somehow developed some sort of ADD, so please bear with me, the end will justify the means and I will *try* to stick with my story; for you, my readers. I moved my family of the ex-wife and four children Cross-Country in 2002 to be closer to my dad who was turning 75 that year, and while I could not afford both financially as well as mentally to move back to Southern California (where he and my mother lived), I chose the Midbar (Hebrew for Desert) of Arizona. Within just a few short weeks of moving here, I woke up one day with some of the most severe abdominal pain I had ever experienced. I found a local doctor and made an appointment to see him that day. I arrived at the appointment and was ushered into an examination room by their PA (Physician's Assistant), who is supposed to be the same as a Doctor, but not really (?). I was examined and Prescriptions for a Pain Medication and an Antibiotic. They continued to treat me in a like manner for almost six months when I ended up in an Emergency Room, where a CT Scan was performed and Colonoscopy was scheduled. I was then diagnosed with a grapefruit-sized obstruction and abscess in my colon that would require surgical intervention. Surgery was scheduled for two days later, on a Friday in Mid-March 2003. I arrived at the hospital at the designated time, 5:45 am; was admitted to the hospital; told them about ALL my allergies (including a BIG ONE, an allergy to a particular anesthetic agent), and taken to a room where I was put into one of those awful gowns and told that they'd be "right back" to take me to surgery. They promptly came back at 10:30 in the morning and took me to yet another room... to wait some more. At 11:45 the Anesthesiologist came in to talk with me. He informed me that he was going to use Propofol for my induction and that he was planning on using the EXACT ANESTHESIA TO WHICH I AM ALLERGIC to maintain me through surgery! "NOT ON ME, YOU'RE NOT", I exclaimed! "I'M ALLERGIC!!!" On my wrist sat a red band that clearly said ALLERGIES: CEVOFLURAINE. I then proceeded to give him a list of anesthetic agents that I knew to be safe. He tapped me on the knee and said: Okay, Smart guy, put yourself to sleep and quickly left the room. I awoke from the anesthesia on the following Wednesday evening. In addition to the NINE small incisions from various attempts to perform the procedure of removing 18" of my diseased colon through a scope, I also had one 6" cut in my belly that began around my navel and continued to just above my groin. I also began experiencing severe shortness of breath. The staples were ripped out of my skin by the Butcher Surgeon two weeks later, but my breathing difficulties continued. After being examined by one doctor after another, I finally decided to be examined by The Mayo Clinic. Over a ten-day to 2 week period, I was examined by multiple physicians, underwent numerous tests and procedures and was finally ready for my Report Appointment. I would learn the results of all of the tests and procedures and hopefully have a clear diagnosis and prognosis. The verdict had come in. Diagnosis: Terminal COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Causation: Bacterial Pneumonia due to Malignant Hyperthermia caused by induction of Detrimental Anesthesia Prognosis: 5% chance of Five-Year Survival I then took my report to a highly regarded Pulmonologist for Follow-Up Care, but not before enrolling in Rabbinical School in New York City. I had, (since age ten) always wanted to be a Rabbi. It was now or never. On the advice of the Pulmonologist, I began taking Prednisone (a Steroid) that would open up my Bronchioles and make it easier to breathe. The normal dosage for a man who is 5'9" and weighs 150 pounds (before I got sick, I weighed 174 pounds, all muscle, by the way) is <100mg per day. My STARTING dose was 100mg THREE TIMES a DAY. the dosage was increased every few months for the following THREE YEARS, when, on Sunday, September 9, 2007, at the weight of 340 Pounds (the Steroids had been increased to 250mg Four Times a day), I collapsed and at Mayo Hospital, was intubated where my organs began failing. Two nights later, on the First Night of Rosh haShana, the Jewish New Year, and while being mechanically ventilated, I went into Full Blown Total System Failure, and suffered a Cardiac Arrest for 14 minutes, followed by a Coma of several weeks duration. During my Coma, I felt as if I was in a box. The box had four dirt walls and smelled like the Morning Dew. In the upper right corner of the box sat a red square with a white X inside of it. "If only I could click on that X, I might stop this program", I thought to myself, but I could not move; I could not stand; could not reach, and could not scream for help. I lay in this place crying out in fear for what seemed like days and weeks and months. Suddenly, my cries were replaced by Psalms. I was reciting Psalms, some of which I had never even read before! And the Psalms turned into Prayers; The Kol Nidre, chanted at the beginning of our Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur; every other prayer recited on this Holy of all Holy Days; the Prayers for the Sukkot Holidays that follow the next week and the Readings for every single Torah Portion of the year. I somehow knew them all. By heart. Without hesitation of memory and obviously without any text to look at. I kept reading and chanting day and night; night and day and resting in between. Really resting. Sleeping... until one day, I opened up my eyes to see my beautiful son Zac sitting at my side on my bed. Covering the holes in my throat and on the side of my neck, I managed to spit out "C'était le rêve de dix minutes le plus étrange que j'aie jamais eu"! I told my son that was the weirdest ten-minute dream that I have ever had in FRENCH, my first language and native tongue. He then told me that it had been over two months, and I was in a Hospice Facility. The night before, I had begun to breathe on my own a minute or so after being disconnected from the machines that had sustained my organs since September. A few days later I was wheeled to an ambulance outside to be transported to the truly amazing HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital in Scottsdale. The sun kissed my face as I felt like I was pulled up into a body of love. It spoke. In Hebrew: Don't worry, it said. "You and I are going to be okay". I spent the next six weeks learning to do things like eating and holding a pencil; how to shower and dress. I learned how to return to life. Six weeks after leaving HealthSouth, my dad died. In July 2018, my mom joined him. I have had many trials and tribulations over these last twelve years. A Stroke in 2012 took my ability to project my voice loudly; I've been hospitalized many times and know how very precious time is. I do not live for today, rather, I live for tomorrow. I do everything I can do today to help others, and pray that I am again awakened tomorrow to do more good. And if so, great! And if not; if G-d decides to take me tonight, I will hang out with my parents and loved ones forever. I win either way. President Roosevelt was right to believe in only fearing fear. Psalm 23 is even more so, as Faith follows all of us.

Funny my mom passed in 1991 as a 13 year old it was hard but she was much more then beauty. She was a fighter from the beginning and I will never be able to explain her impact. It shows you came from a strong famiy and I'm glad you had both a mom and dad because a lot of people don't. I pray your truth can make a difference

This is trying to scare us with more misinformation then actual information but thank you for giving us your reality. I like it a lot.and people just wash your hand like you should be doing anyway 😂

Great discussion, as well as some interesting numbers which I'm not sure are meant to calm us, or install even more fear. I have many of your same concerns. Just yesterday I scheduled a work trip to Miami for late next week, but am unsure if it will happen or not. And while i say or act like i'm not concerned, sub-consciously, i am quite sure it is weighing on my mind each time i cough, or sneeze, or feel "a little warm", or if someone around me does. One of the biggest fears i have is that with all of the media coverage and the additional testing becoming available, the numbers are sure to skyrocket, and this is going to really set some people off. Our country is going to go absolutely bonkers . We are all guilty of taking limited amounts of information and either talking about it like an expert, or completely overreacting. Here's hoping that the number stat to level out, and then drop. Lets hope that the American people can follow simple suggestions. Lets hope that countries from around the world can work together to come up with a viable plan to slow this train down. And last but not least, lets hope our politicians can come together to provide our country guidance as we all try to get through this. Lets hope they can forget about the presidential race for just a minute to remember what their job really is; to serve the American people. And now is their time to really step up and lead by example.

Lauren, like you I have to balance my fear and confusion. I work directly with the public and I have an immune system that is partially suppressed as a by product of treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis. I fear for my Father the most as his body is much weaker than even mine. I visited the Cleveland Museum of Art on Sunday just to learn three people were positively diagnosed on Monday in Cuyahoga county. You aren't alone in that fear. I think that we must turn to hope to keep us in this trying time. We have to...

Terry, As a man who has lived and breathed baseball, your letter was an absolute joy for me to read. What young boy wouldn't want to be in the clubhouse with his Dad? During your time as manager I've been to quite a few games in Cleveland. None though were as special as July 12th 2014. That was the day I celebrated my 30th birthday. Though the day centered around my birthday it saw me doing something for someone else. It was the day I took my Father to the very first professional sports game in his 59 years of life at the time. It was so touching the certificate that he got from the wonderful folks at Guest Services. And although the home team lost to the White Sox that day, it will always remain one of the best days in my heart. Letters like yours only serve to renew my love for the game of baseball. Thanks for sharing it with the little boy still inside of me wanting to throw that 0-2 curveball to the best hitter in the league.

[…] enough, in the email was your letter to your late father, former NBA basketball star Anthony Mason, talking about your struggles after his death. You wrote […]

Sweet Lauren, I agree completely with the promise that Brian asked you to make. Frankly, it is the only way that I know to love; totally, completely, wholly and unconditionally. You deserve nothing less, nor does your future love.

Wow. What a truly moving and powerful story. We often take for granted the small gifts we give each other just by being present. I'm sad for the heartache. I'm glad you stayed and became. Who knows what little girl or boy will be attributing their life's purpose to some kindness you shared. Peace and Sunshine

You’re welcome Lauren looking forward to all the future stories :)

Thank you Tony. I appreciate all your support.

Thank you Tony. I appreciate all your support.

I’m sorry to hear about Brian but he was right you are too beautiful to not receive roses Lauren:)

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Thanks for this! So what movie set did you get on?

So nice Roger <3

Pat, Your letter touched me in a very profound way. It left me in tears in the middle of my work day. It made me want to share something with you. On a July morning in 2007 a police officer answered a 911 call I had made when my Mother went into cardiac arrest. Between that officer, my best friend and the fire fighters who showed up minutes later they were able to restart her heart, however at the hospital she passed away an hour later. At the end of his shift that officer stopped by my home to check on the situation and cried when I told him the unfortunate news I received only 4 hours prior. He tried to apologize to me. I looked at the anguish in his eyes and asked him directly what for? He described the ways he felt sorry. What I want to leave you with was my reply to him. I told him he had nothing to be sorry for because he answered the call in what was the darkest moment in my life. I told him that he was a hero regardless because it takes a special person to answer calls like that. You are a hero to people Pat. No one can ever take that away from you. I understand the process you're going through as I've been there myself and like you I still struggle with it when no one is looking. You aren't alone in this. I hope your healing process continues on and you can regain the happiness in this beautiful life. You'll always be a hero to those people, because you were there when the call came Best wishes Roger Chamberlain

Ruth, your letter moved me to tears. Once upon a time I was very closed off about the LGBT community but over a course of several years, I turned my fear into understanding and I actively stand with the community for their equal rights because it is the right thing to do.